Asset limited income constrained employed
2018 United Way ALICE Report
Despite recent reports of overall improvement in employment and gains in median incomes, the economic recovery in Wisconsin has been uneven. Many families continue to face challenges from low wages, depleted savings and the increasing cost of basic household goods. The total number of Wisconsin households that cannot afford basic needs increased 5 percent between 2010 and 2016.
This Report also shows what has changed in Wisconsin since the first United Way ALICE Report for Wisconsin was published two years ago. It updates the cost of basic needs in the Household Survival Budget for each county in Wisconsin, and the number of households earning below the amount needed to afford that budget (the ALICE Threshold). The Report delves deeper into county and municipal data and looks at the demographics of ALICE and poverty-level households by race/ethnicity, age and household type to reveal variations in hardship that are often masked by state averages. Finally, the Report highlights emerging trends that will affect ALICE households in the future.
What is ALICE?
why this work matters
The United Way ALICE Project raises awareness about a huge but hidden segment of our community that is struggling to afford basic necessities. The success of a community is directly related to the financial stability of its members.
Rent or electric bill? Food or prescription drugs? For too many hardworking households, impossible decisions such as these are a way of life. When ALICE is forced to make difficult choices, the entire community faces consequences. The ALICE Project provides a framework and language for stakeholders to reassess public and corporate policies and implement changes that improve the lives of ALICE and their communities.
The 2016 ALICE (Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed) Study of Financial Hardship in Wisconsin characterized 29 percent of Wisconsin households as ALICE. Due to an error in calculating the tax budget line, that number should have been 23 percent. More information can be found here.
Making Tough Choices
Who is ALICE?
With limited income, ALICE families are forced to make tough choices, such as choosing between quality childcare or paying the rent. This has long-term consequences for ALICE and our communities. The future success of our communities is directly tied to the financial stability of ALICE households.
UPDATE: The 2016 ALICE (Asset Limited, Income Constrained, Employed) Study of Financial Hardship in Wisconsin characterized 29 percent of Wisconsin households as ALICE. Due to an error in calculating the tax budget line, that number should have been 23 percent. More information can be found here.
In September 2016, United Way of Wisconsin unveiled its first statewide ALICE Report, a data-driven, comprehensive research project upending the conventional view of Wisconsin. The fact is that the number of Wisconsin households who are unable to afford life’s basic necessities far exceeds the official federal poverty statistics. Before this report, ALICE was a population and community issue without a name or face. While it is true that ALICE has existed long before this study, it was not until the release of this report that there was any way to discuss the plight of these households, nonetheless quantify them.
Core Report Statistics
- By comparing real incomes with real expenses, the United Way ALICE Project reveals this stark reality: 42 percent of Wisconsin households are living on the edge of financial insecurity.
- In Wisconsin, 42 percent of households live below the ALICE threshold – about 13 percent live below the poverty level and another 29 percent are above poverty but below the basic cost of living.
- ALICE households are working, but struggle to afford the basics of housing, food, health care, child care, and transportation.
- There are nearly 670,922 ALICE households in Wisconsin, more than double the official poverty rate. Together, with those in poverty, there are nearly 960,131 households unable to make ends meet in Wisconsin.
- More than two-thirds of Wisconsin's municipalities have more than 30 percent of households unable to afford life’s basic necessities.
- Despite working and receiving financial supports, ALICE still faces a 21 percent gap in the income needed to be able to survive and afford the basics in Wisconsin.
Across Wisconsin, over a third of households struggle to afford the basic necessities of housing, child care, health care, food and transportation.